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Progressing Parental Engagement Project

1. Engaging ACT parents in their children's learning

Parental engagement recognises that both parents and teachers play an important role in children's learning, development and well-being - and that children generally do better when there are connections between the different spaces they learn in.

Parental engagement in children's learning is:

Parental engagement is most effective when it is focused on developing positive attitudes towards learning and education for children, building their motivation and confidence as learners and fostering their enjoyment of learning.

2. What's the difference between parent involvement and parental engagement?

Parent involvement refers to parent participation in formal and informal activities at the school such as attending parent group meetings, running a stall at the school fete or volunteering at the canteen.

Parental engagement refers to the broader role parents play in supporting their child's learning. Parental engagement recognises the important role that both parents and teachers play in children's learning and development. Although involvement in school activities is beneficial in many ways,  especially in facilitating relationships between parents and teachers, how parents support children's learning at home has a bigger impact on academic outcomes than participation in school-based activities.

"It's also about encouraging them to have the right relationship with their teachers, for example. Being able to give proper attention to teachers, and having the right attitude to all that."
(ACT Parent)

3. The impact parents can have

Parents and families are children's first teachers and they continue to help their children to learn and thrive throughout the school years. Parents as partners with school in supporting children's learning can have a significant and long lasting positive impact.

Research shows benefits of parental engagement include:

4. Parental engagement strategies that work

Parental engagement can involve many things, but current research suggests there is a range of specific activities and behaviours that appear to have a bigger impact - they involve positive, mutually respectful relationships between parents and teachers, an inclusive school culture and learning-rich  everyday family activities.

Showing children that education is important, building their confidence and connecting with their school helps to shape children's learning and well-being.

There are simple things parents can do at home and with their school to help their child to do their best. At home, parents have the biggest impact on learning when they help children to believe in themselves and to enjoy learning new things.

"Just being interested in what your child is interested in - so when they show an interest in something, encouraging it, giving them opportunities to learn more, and try it and experiment. I think that's really important."
(ACT Parent)

5. What works at home

Research shows that the most effective strategies for family-led learning include:

Progressing Parental Engagement - What works at home

"The school teacher can't be there all the time our proverb from our country ... the parent is the first teacher."
(ACT Parent)

6. What works at school

At school, teachers are experts in learning and provide families with strategies that can help children best achieve. Partnerships between schools and parents are critical in supporting parental engagement in education. Keeping open and clear communication between families and schools is an important  starting point in developing effective family-school partnerships.

Progressing Parental Engagement - What works at school

"I think of it as a triangle - the student, the school and the parents/family. The child has the daily interaction with the school and we have daily interaction with the child, but it's about keeping the lines of communication open between the school and the parents."
(ACT Parent)

7. What does this mean for families and schools?

Many parents feel they should be doing more at school. For parents who are busy, it is important to remember that supporting learning at home matters. Providing opportunities for children to learn new things, reading and supporting their interests makes a big difference. Parents don't need to be an  expert; supporting and encouraging learning is enough.

Creating positive partnerships through open communication will enable families and schools to best meet the needs of children.

"The sign of a good school is if children are encouraged to learn, whether they're at school or outside the classroom. If they're learning something that they want to keep learning about once they're home, asking more questions, and being supported in doing that at home."
(ACT Parent)

8. Our partners

The ACT Education Directorate partnered with the non-profit Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth (ARACY), the Catholic Education Office of the Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn, the Association of Independent Schools of the ACT, the ACT Council of Parents and Citizens Associations,  the Catholic School Parents Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn and the Association of Parents and Friends of ACT Schools. Together, the alliance developed a shared understanding of parental engagement in the ACT, based on what the evidence shows has the biggest impact and the things that matter most  to ACT families and schools. The international evidence has been reviewed and parents and teachers have been consulted on what is important to them.

9. Where to next?

Progressing Parental Engagement in the ACT provides a strong and evidence-informed foundation for strengthening parental engagement in ACT schools.

Future work includes:

Resources from Progressing Parental Engagement in the ACT project

The resources were developed by the ACT Education Directorate in partnership with the Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth, the Catholic Education Office and the Association of Independent Schools.

Parent Fact Sheets

School Fact Sheets

Progressing Parental Engagement key-idea resources

10. References

Additional reference from second technical report included in reference list