Downloadable reference materials
Length of Lesson
Prior knowledge (what should the teacher have already covered)
- The students should have completed tasks from lesson 3 about similarities and differences and valuing diversity.
- Action Plan chart.
- Planning template handouts for lesson 12.
- Basic Emotives to project on electronic whiteboard.
- We all need to have positive social relationships with a range of people to be happy.
- There are many benefits of making new friends and getting along.
- Isolating (or excluding) someone from a group is bullying behaviour and is socially unacceptable.
- It is important to put ourselves in someone else’s shoes and consider how we would feel if we were in their situation.
- We need to demonstrate inclusive behaviours ourselves if we would like to be treated in the same way from others (eg friendly, respectful, and understanding).
LO1: Students demonstrate empathy for others, and identify pro–social ways to help someone in need.
LO2: Students create a storyboard to demonstrate strategies for making friends using an introduction, complication and resolution.
HPE Subject Area Years 3 and 4
ACPPS037: Describe how respect, empathy and valuing diversity can positively influence relationships
ACPPS038: Investigate how emotional responses vary in depth and strength
PSC: Personal and Social Capability EU: Ethical Understanding L: Literacy CCT: Critical and Creative Thinking N: Numeracy
By the end of year 4 (level 3)
PSC: Understand relationships: describe factors that contribute to positive relationships, including with people at school and in their community.
PSC: Recognise emotions: describe the influence that people, situations and events have on their emotions.
EU: Consider consequences: examine the links between emotions, dispositions and intended and unintended consequences of their actions on others.
EU: Examine values: identify and describe shared values in familiar and unfamiliar contexts.
EU: Consider points of view: describe different points of view associated with an ethical dilemma and give possible reasons for these differences.
L: Understand learning area vocabulary: use growing subject-specific vocabulary to read, discuss and write about learning area topics.
L: Use language to interact with others: use pair, group and class discussion about learning area topics as learning tools to explore and represent ideas and relationships, test possibilities and to prepare for creating texts.
L: Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts: compose and edit a range of learning area texts.
CCT: Imagine possibilities and connect ideas: combine ideas in a variety of ways amd from a range of sources to create new possibilities.
Assessable moments: As students undertake the learning experiences described in the lesson, take note of a range of assessable moments to provide information about student achievement. Ongoing assessment will provide evidence of the extent to which students achieve the identified Australian Curriculum links. Assessable moments are linked to learning outcomes and are identified by the following identifier:
LO (insert number)
|Format||Lesson Plan: Suggested sequence of learning experiences|
State the learning intention: Today we are going to explore the O letter in inclusiOn: Offer Friendship. We will discuss the connection between getting along with others, making friends and being happy. We will explore the impact of excluding someone from participating in everyday activities, and make the link between these behaviours and bullying. We will create a comic strip that tells a narrative of friendship.
Activity 1: Making friends – appropriate and inappropriate questions
Establish context: We all benefit from getting along with others. Having friends makes us feel happy and gives us opportunities to share our thoughts and feelings. When you meet someone new, one of the best ways to get to know them and become their friend is to ask them questions about themselves. We have already done this in a previous lesson when we asked questions to find out similarities and differences.
Teacher’s notes: In lesson 3 (Notice theme), the students should have completed the task – “How well do you know me?” This task required them to think of questions they could ask to get to know someone.
Today, we are going to come up with questions we could ask a new student.
Ask a student (or the teacher) to be the ‘new kid’. Volunteers come to the front of the group and ask the ‘new kid’ a question. Use this opportunity to discuss if the questions are appropriate or inappropriate (eg. too personal, or rude questions, intrusive body language). The teacher can join in and pretend to be another kid who invades personal space etc.
Class discussion: Why is it important for us to have a range of friends? How can friends make our lives better? Does it matter if someone we know at school has no friends? How would they feel? What can you do if you notice someone who is feeling lonely?
Main point to highlight:
Activity 2: What would you do?
Teacher’s notes: This activity provides an opportunity for students to develop empathy for others, and identify pro–social ways to help them.
LO1 Class discussion: Ask students to describe their feelings and subsequent actions for each of the listed situations.
Main points to highlight:
Activity 3: Our class friendship storybook!
LO2 Task: You are now going to use your creative mind and develop a comic strip telling a story of friendship with a child with a disability. The effect of the disability is that the child does things in different ways.
Teacher’s notes: Encourage students to write about a child with an intellectual disability or a sensory disability (vision of hearing). Often students tend to focus on physical disability.
Students use the storyboard planning page and develop a storyline about making friends with an INTRODUCTION, COMPLICATION and RESOLUTION.
Complete comic strip.
At completion of this activity, photocopy each students work and make a class book full of friendship stories.
Students can present their comic strips to the rest of the class. Compile copies of the comic strip and make a booklet. If time permits, you could also get student to design a cover page and select the best one to be used for the book!
Conclusion and reflection
Class action plan
LO1, LO2 Check for understanding
Get the students to complete their entry for the Action Plan for the O: Offer Friendship theme. Also complete the class entry for the Action Plan chart.