Years 3 – 4
Lesson 2: The Experience of Disability
1. Lesson Overview
Length of Lesson
- 65 mins
Prior Knowledge (What Should the Teacher Have Already Covered)
- Lesson 1 Introduction to Everyone Everyday program, including the purpose for learning about including everyone everyday.
- Homework activity from lesson 1.
- Action plan Chart and Action plan class set.
- Display board to record responses.
- Student exercise books.
- Handout for activity 1.
- Internet access – You Tube segment.
- There are different kinds of disability that effect people in different ways. Some are visible, some are not.
- People with disability can use their abilities to achieve their goals.
- LO1: Students can recount a broad range of disabilities.
- LO2: Students appreciate that people with disability can use their abilities to achieve great things.
2. Australian Curriculum Links
General Capabilities by the End of Year 4 (Level 3)
- Interpret and analyse learning area texts: interpret literal information and make inferences to expand topic knowledge using comprehension strategies.
- Understand learning area vocabulary: use growing subject-specific vocabulary to read, discuss and write about learning area topics.
Critical and Creative Thinking
- Identify and clarify information and ideas: identify main ideas and select and clarify information from a range of sources.
Assessable moments: As students undertake the learning experiences described in the lesson, take note of a range of assessable moments to provide information about student achievement. Ongoing assessment will provide evidence of the extent to which students achieve the identified Australian Curriculum links. Assessable moments are linked to learning outcomes and are identified by the following identifier: LO (insert number)
3. Lesson Plan: Suggested Sequence of Learning Experiences
|Format||Lesson Plan: Suggested Sequence of Learning Experiences|
|Intro 1 mins|
State the learning intention
Refer to the action plan: Today we are going to continue to become more informed about disability. Firstly we will discuss what you found out for homework. Then we will become familiar with different types of disability, and begin to develop our understanding of the challenges faced by people with disability. We will then look at what people can achieve when they focus on what they can, that is, focus on abilities.
Review Homework Activity
Class discussion: go through questions assigned for homework from lesson 1 and share information.
Lesson 1 Homework activity : Students interview members of their family using the following questions:
Activity 1: Groups of Disability
Refer to handout for lesson 2: Images of people doing amazing things
Teacher’s notes: There are no wrong answers in this activity. The purpose is for the students to explore their own perception of disability. In task 1, do not tell them that the images are of people with a disability.
Task 1: Working individually, ask students to look at the images of the people on the poster, and in the thought cloud under each image, write some words or phrases to describe what they see (model a positive response). Give students 5 minutes to complete the task. Students share responses in pairs, then in an open discussion.
LO1 Task 2: Inform students that all the images are of people with a disability. Go through each image and identify with the students the achievements of the person and the disability that the person has (refer to the additional information notes below for a description of each person and their disability). Look at the groups written below the pictures that relate to the person in the same column. Make the point that a person can have more than one disability; therefore be included in more than one group. When there is an image where it is not obvious what the disability is, use this opportunity to emphasise that not all disabilities can be seen, and there are many different disabilities.
Teacher’s notes: The groups included in this activity are just a select few. There are other groups of disability that are not included. Use groupings just to highlight similar challenges experienced by these people.
When you talk about ‘communication and social interaction’ disability (Satoshi Tajiri) – show segment on Autism (14 minutes 22s):
LO2 Task 3: Ask the students to think about the experience of disability for these people.
Ask question: "What are at least 2 challenges that people with these disabilities would experience day to day?" (e.g. if you were a person with a hearing disability, you would have difficulty speaking to someone over the phone).
Students record at least 2 challenges people face day to day for each group of disability (record on handout).
LO2 Task 4: Students to write a response to what they think about the people on the worksheet. (Question is written on handout).
Teacher’s notes: No answer is wrong, but if a student writes something like, 'they are just like everyone else, or they are just like me, or they can do everything I can do, they just do it in their own way’, then ask them why they wrote this to provoke further discussion and develop a strongly connection to themselves.
Main point to highlight:
|Conclusion 9 mins|
LO1, LO2 Class Brainstorm: Activity 2: Action Plan Entries
Get the students to complete their first entry for the Action Plan for the I: Informed theme. Also complete the class entry for the Action Plan chart.
Teachers notes: when completing Action Plan entries for the class chart, you can refer to the "main points to highlight" that are recorded in the lesson plans to help direct thinking to respond to the "What can we do?" box. Children can use the same idea in their own action plan, or generate their own ideas (scaffolding for higher order thinking).
4. Additional Information
Teacher's Notes: Description of images lesson 2
|1. Michael Milton – Australian Skier||Physical – left leg amputee||Michael Milton is a skier, cyclist, trekker, triathlete, world and Australian record holder, Paralympian, and Olympian. When Michael was nine, he was diagnosed with bone cancer, and had to undergo surgery to amputate his left leg. Nonetheless, he continued with skiing and excelled at racing. He was the first Australian athlete in history to win a medal at the Winter Games. He won a sweep of all four gold medals in alpine skiing. In addition, he holds the record for the fastest skier in Australia.|
|2. Geoffrey Gurrumul Yunupingu – Australian Singer, musician||Vision||Born blind, Geoffrey grew up as a member of the Gumatj clan on Elcho island, off the coast of tropical North East Arnhem Land. His fragile but powerfully emotive voice has affected the public in a way no other artist has done in this country. This unique Aboriginal man sings songs about identity, spirit and connection with the land, its elements and the ancestral beings he is related to. His high tenor voice and aura–like persona creates emotion, compassion and a feeling of peacefulness and longing with audiences in Australia and around the world.|
|3. Deaf Netball team||Hearing||Deaf Netball Australia (DNA) was founded in 1966. DNA works with Netball Australia promoting participation and access to netball for Deaf and hard of hearing players. The two major competitions for DNA are the National Deaf Netball Club Championships and the Australia Deaf Games (the next games to be held in Adelaide, 2016). DNA website: http://www.deafsports.org.au/committee-deaf-netball-australia|
|4. ‘Rudely Interrupted’ – Australian Rock band||Intellectual||One of Australia’s most unique rock bands, ‘Rudely Interrupted’ have toured the world, played on some of the biggest and most prestigious stages, starred in an AFI nominated critically acclaimed documentary film, released their debut record ‘Tragedy of the Commons’ They released their second album ‘Mystery Girl’ in October 2012. Five of its six members have intellectual disabilities, some of them severe, but they play every bar of music themselves.|
|5. Satoshi Tajiri||Communication and social interaction – Asperger’s Syndrome||Satoshi Tajiri is a Japanese video game designer best known as the creator of Pokémon and the founder of development company Game Freak, Inc. Tajiri has also worked for numerous major game projects, including Pulseman, Mario spin–offs and the Legend of Zelda. His work has earned him numerous accolades from his peers. He has Asperger’s Syndrome. People with Aspergers Syndrome have difficulties with communication (e.g. turn©\taking, engaging in conversation, being flexible, making friends, literal interpretations). There is likely to be a restricted range of activities and interests.|