Years 3 – 4
Lesson 3: Similarities and Differences
1. Lesson Overview
Length of Lesson
- 60 mins
Prior Knowledge (What Should the Teacher Have Already Covered)
- Students understand there are many types of disabilities and people experience disability in different ways.
- Action Plan chart.
- Class set of reflection tokens.
- Electronic white board to project images from activity 1.
- 4 witches hats or markers.
- Class set of homework sheets: Myths and reality.
- We all have similarities and differences and this makes relationships with others interesting and enriching.
- Preconceived stereotypes (labels) affect attitudes.
- We all benefit from living in a community that values difference.
- LO1: Students demonstrate knowledge and understanding about how society creates stereotypes that impact on attitudes and opinions.
- LO2: Students recognise and value the similarities and differences of the people we meet every day.
- LO3: Students demonstrate knowledge and understanding about the benefits of living in a community with diverse abilities and cultures.
2. Australian Curriculum Links
HPE Subject Area Years 3 and 4
- ACPPS037: Describe how respect, empathy and valuing diversity can positively influence relationships
General Capabilities by the End of Year 4 (Level 3)
- Consider points of view: describe different points of view associated with an ethical dilemma and give possible reasons for these differences.
- Interpret and analyse learning area texts: interpret literal information and make inferences to expand topic knowledge using comprehension strategies.
- Use language to interact with others: use pair, group and class discussion about learning area topics as learning tools to explore and represent ideas and relationships, test possibilities and to prepare for creating texts.
- Challenge stereotypes and prejudices: explain the dangers of making generalisations about individuals and groups.
- Interpret data displays: collect record and display data as tables, diagrams, picture graphs and column graphs. (Homework activity – optional numeracy activity)
Critical and Creative Thinking
- Apply logic and reasoning: identify and apply appropriate reasoning and thinking strategies for particular outcomes
Assessable moments: As students undertake the learning experiences described in the lesson, take note of a range of assessable moments to provide information about student achievement. Ongoing assessment will provide evidence of the extent to which students achieve the identified Australian Curriculum links. Assessable moments are linked to learning outcomes and are identified by the following identifier: LO (insert number)
3. Lesson Plan: Suggested Sequence of Learning Experiences
|Format||Lesson Plan: Suggested Sequence of Learning Experiences|
Refer to action plan.
In the previous Everyone Everyday lesson, we discussed the different types of disabilities and how people experience disability in different ways. We became informed about what disability is, and what it means to you.
State the learning intention: Today, we are going start exploring the N word in iNclusion: notice. We will analyse how we make decisions about people, and the similarities and differences that make us unique. We will talk about valuing difference, and look at the abilities that people have that live in our communities.
Activity 1: What is Stereotyping?
Project images of people for lesson 3 using electronic white board – "Who does what for a living?"
Task: Prepare and share
Prepare: Organise students in to pairs. Students work together to match each picture with the occupation in the list.
Model thinking process. Say, “Who does jobs at home? Who do I think looks like a doctor?”
LO1 Share: Groups report back on their decisions and give reasons for them. Students review their answers and identify where they have made their decision based on stereotypes.
Main point to highlight:
Give examples from disability:
People with disability often experience stereotyping. For example, a stereotype may assume that ‘people with a disability lead vastly different lives than others’. This is an incorrect statement as people with a disability go to school, get jobs, get married, have families, pay taxes, and do the same things that are important in all other people’s lives.
LO1 Class discussion: What are other examples of stereotypes relating to people with disability? (see myths below for further examples).
Main point to highlight:
|Body 10 mins|
Activity 2: Getting to Know You!
Establish context: When you meet someone new, one way to get to know them is to ask them a question about themselves.
Small group activity: Students work in small groups and create a list by brainstorming answers in response to the question: “What questions could I ask to get to know more about someone? For example: “What do you like to do in your spare time?”, “What music do you like to listen to?”, “Who is in your family?”, “What places have you visited?”, “What games do you like to play?”, “Do you have a pet? If, so, can you tell me about them?”, “What do you like to eat?” etc.
Discuss responses as a class and record on display board. This leads on to the next activity.
Activity 2: The Greatness of Difference!
Teacher’s notes: for this activity you will need an open space so that students can move around easily. All students can start the activity by sitting together in the middle of a large square with 4 corners. You may wish to use witches hats or cones/markers for corners.
Task: Using the questions generated from the previous activity, the teacher (or a student), asks a question and gets 4 students with different responses to go to one of the corners. Then, the rest of the students go to the corner that they most relate to. If only 3 responses or even 2 responses are generated, just use this number of corners. For example, to practice the activity, use eye colour (blue, green, brown, hazel). Students go to the corner that represents their eye colour. This shows similarities and differences relating to eye colour. Repeat the activity and use questions from previous activity to highlight that we all have similarities and differences, and this is what makes us unique.
LO2 Class discussion: What did you learn from this activity? We all have things that are similar to each other, and things that are different.
Main point to highlight:
LO2, LO3 Class discussion: What do you think are the benefits of people having similarities and differences, that is, what are the benefits of having diversity in our community? Model thinking process to include diversity in abilities and cultures. For example, “What are the benefits of having people with different abilities living in our community”, “What are the benefits of having people from different cultures living in our community?”
Main point to highlight:
Optional group activity: Use a collection of objects, one for each student, where all the objects are seemingly the same, (e.g. leaves, rocks, sea shells). Tell students that while they all seem the same, they are each unique and different from each other. Ask them to look closely at their object, and ask them to describe it in ways that make it unique. Record answers in exercise book. Share ideas with group or tell partner. At the end of the session (or at the beginning of the next session), students can see if they can find their own object.
|Conclusion and reflection 15 mins|
LO1, LO2, LO3 Check for understanding:
What did you learn?
LO1, LO2, LO3 Homework Activity: Myths and reality!
Get students to take home the myths and reality worksheet for lesson 3 and complete for homework. Discuss as a group the following day.
Teacher’s notes: you may which to use this activity as a numeracy learning experience as it involves using tally marks to record responses. Then, class totals for each myth can be tallied and findings represented on a graph. This links to the numeracy general capability listed in Australian Curriculum Links for this lesson.